Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky (June 17, 1882 – April 6, 1971) was a Russian-born composer whose work had a revolutionary impact on musical thought and sensibility just before and after World War I and whose compositions remained a touchstone of modernism for much of his long working life. He is widely considered one of the most important and influential composers of the 20th century.

Stravinsky’s compositional career was notable for its stylistic diversity. He first achieved international fame with three ballets commissioned by the impresario Serge Diaghilev and first performed in Paris by Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes: The Firebird (1910), Petrushka (1911), and The Rite of Spring (1913). The Rite of Spring transformed the way in which subsequent composers thought about rhythmic structure and was largely responsible for Stravinsky’s enduring reputation as a musical revolutionary who pushed the boundaries of musical design.

伊果·費奧多羅維奇·史特拉汶斯基 (誕生於1882年6月17日,逝世於 1971年4月6日)是一位俄國作曲家,其作品在第一次世界大戰前後對音樂思維和情感產生了革命性的影響,他的作品可以說是現代主義的試金石。他被廣泛尊崇為20世紀最重要和最有影響力的作曲家之一。

斯特拉汶斯基的作曲以風格多樣化而聞名。他的三組芭蕾組曲在巴黎首演後獲得國際聲譽,這三個芭蕾組曲分別是:火鳥(1910),彼得洛希卡(1911)以及春之祭(1913),這些作品是他受俄國芭蕾舞團團長戴亞吉列夫委託所創作的組曲,並且由戴亞吉列夫芭蕾舞團演出。 春之祭這個作品改變了後輩作曲家對於節奏結構的思考方式,更奠定斯特拉汶斯基對於推動音樂革新的先驅者聲譽。

Listening: 音樂欣賞:

The Firebird (1910) | 火鳥 (1910)

Petrushka (1911) | 彼得洛希卡 (1911)

The Rite of Spring (1913) | 春之祭 (1913)